The Dept. of Energy’s (DOE) National Nuclear Security
Administration is expected to benefit from the proposed
increases in defense spending for its research, development, test
and evaluation (RDT&E) work. Large DOE facilities, such as
the National Ignition Facility (NIF), are expected to see small
increases. Advanced Scientific
Computing Research work within
the DOE is expected to see a
11.6% R&D funding increase
along with a 19.9% increase in its
exascale computing programs.
Brookhaven’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials and the
Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies co-operated by Sandia
National Laboratories and Los
Alamos National Laboratory
would be shut down under the
Administration’s budget proposal.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA) is
expected to see stronger FY2018 budget increases compared to
most other federal agencies. A change in focus away from earth
science and more to planetary science would result in overall
reduction of 2.9% according to the Trump Administration’s proposal. NASA’s Astrophysics division would see a 8.9% increase
in funding to develop the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope,
while planetary science programs would receive a 4.5% budget
increase. Earth science programs would be reduced by 8.7%
below FY2017 levels along with reductions in several major
instrument development programs. The James Webb Space Telescope would be fully funded to maintain a 2018 launch schedule.
The Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion Multipurpose Crew
Vehicle are trimmed below FY2017 levels, but strong Congressional support may override those cuts.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) may struggle with
the Administration’s proposed 11% budget reduction, which
would bring its inflation-adjusted budget down to FY2002
levels. Having fewer supporters than its sister agency, the NIH,
the NSF supports about a quarter of the federal budget for basic research, which as noted earlier was supported with small
increases by both the Senate and House appropriation bills.
About 90% of the NSF’s budget supports grants or cooperative
agreements, of which about 75% goes to academic institutions.
The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) and its Agricultural
Research Service (ARS) would see some of the largest R&D
cuts of any federal agency if the Administration’s budget proposals are approved. While overall funding would be reduced
by 19%, the cuts would result in the closure of 17 research
labs, representing about a fifth of all USDA/ARS locations. The
overall reductions would bring USDA R&D to its lowest level
The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards
and Technology (NIST) would fare slightly better than the
USDA, but still see a 16% reduction in overall funding. NIST’s
Scientific and Technical Research Services would likely have to
cut about 10% of its workforce and reduce funding in advanced
materials funding, semiconductor measurements, cyber secu-
rity and quantum science. Forensic, manufacturing and other
core programs would also be
reduced or eliminated.
The National Oceanic and
(NOAA), another DOC agency
would also see a 16% reduction
in funding from $804 million to
$671 million under the Trump
Administration’s proposed budget. Climate research, weather
and air chemistry research, and
even the National Weather Service, would see many of their
The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC)
would also see a 17% reduction from its FY2017 $7.1 billion
budget to $5.9 billion in FY2018. Multimillion reductions
would be seen in HIV, STD and tuberculosis prevention
(-$186 million). Immunization programs would be cut.
Colon and skin cancer prevention programs would be eliminated and tribal health funding would be reduced.
Climate research, weather
and air chemistry research,
and even the National
Weather Service, would
see many of their
Will Federal Changes Affect
Your 2018 R&D Budget?
Source: R&D Magazine Survey 2017